What to Say to Someone with Body Dysmorphia

Discover empowering words to support those struggling with body dysmorphia. Learn how to promote self-esteem and avoid harmful language.

June 30, 2024

Understanding Body Dysmorphia

Body dysmorphia is a complex mental health condition that affects individuals' perception of their physical appearance. It goes beyond normal insecurities and can significantly impact a person's overall well-being. Understanding body dysmorphia is crucial in providing support and empathy to those experiencing it.

What is Body Dysmorphia?

Body dysmorphia, also known as body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), is a psychological disorder characterized by obsessive preoccupation with perceived flaws in one's physical appearance. Despite these flaws being minor or even nonexistent to others, individuals with body dysmorphia experience intense distress and anxiety related to their appearance.

It's important to note that body dysmorphia is not a vanity issue or a simple dissatisfaction with one's appearance. It is a mental health condition that affects individuals across various ages and genders. The distorted perception of their appearance can lead to significant distress, impair daily functioning, and negatively impact their quality of life.

The Impact of Body Dysmorphia

Body dysmorphia can have severe consequences on an individual's mental and emotional well-being. The constant preoccupation with perceived flaws can lead to feelings of shame, anxiety, and depression. This mental health condition often interferes with relationships, work or school performance, and overall self-esteem.

It's important to approach individuals with body dysmorphia with sensitivity and understanding. Creating a safe and supportive environment can make a significant difference in their journey toward healing and recovery.

Supporting Someone with Body Dysmorphia

Supporting someone with body dysmorphia requires patience, empathy, and understanding. Here are a few ways you can provide support:

  • Educate yourself: Take the time to learn about body dysmorphia and its symptoms. This will enable you to better understand what the person is going through and how to be supportive.
  • Listen actively: Create a safe space for open and non-judgmental communication. Encourage them to express their feelings and concerns without interruption. Show genuine interest and validate their experiences.
  • Offer reassurance: Remind them that you care about their well-being and that their worth is not solely determined by their appearance. Focus on their strengths and positive qualities beyond physical attributes.
  • Encourage professional help: Suggest seeking professional help from a therapist or counselor who specializes in body dysmorphia. Therapy can provide the necessary tools and strategies for managing the condition and improving self-esteem.
  • Avoid making comparisons: Refrain from comparing their appearance to others or dismissing their concerns. Remember that body dysmorphia is not rational, and reassurance is more effective than trying to convince them otherwise.
  • Be patient: Recovery from body dysmorphia takes time and may involve setbacks. Be patient and understanding throughout the process, offering ongoing support and encouragement.

Understanding body dysmorphia is the first step towards providing effective support to someone struggling with this condition. By educating ourselves, listening actively, and offering reassurance, we can contribute to their journey of healing and self-acceptance.

Words of Empowerment

When offering support to someone struggling with body dysmorphia, the words we choose can have a powerful impact. Here are some empowering phrases and approaches to consider:

Acknowledging Their Struggle

Start by acknowledging the challenges and difficulties they may be experiencing. Let them know that you recognize their struggle and that you are there to support them. Use phrases like:

  • "I want you to know that I see how much you're hurting."
  • "I understand that body dysmorphia can make it hard to see yourself clearly."
  • "I recognize that body dysmorphia can be incredibly challenging to navigate."

By showing empathy and understanding, you create a safe space for them to share their feelings and concerns.

Focusing on Their Inner Qualities

Shift the focus away from their appearance and highlight their inner qualities and strengths. This can help to counteract the negative self-perception associated with body dysmorphia. Use phrases like:

  • "You have such a kind heart, and that's what truly matters."
  • "I admire your intelligence and creativity."
  • "Your compassion and empathy make you an incredible person."

By emphasizing their positive attributes, you help them see that their worth extends far beyond their physical appearance.

Encouraging Self-Compassion

Body dysmorphia often leads to self-criticism and harsh judgments. Encourage them to practice self-compassion and treat themselves with kindness. Use phrases like:

  • "Remember to be gentle with yourself. You deserve love and understanding."
  • "Be patient with yourself. It's okay to have bad days."
  • "Treat yourself with the same kindness and compassion you would show a loved one."

Remind them that self-acceptance is a journey and that it's okay to have setbacks along the way.

Supporting someone with body dysmorphia requires patience, understanding, and compassionate communication. By choosing empowering words and focusing on their inner qualities, you can play a vital role in their journey towards self-acceptance and healing.

Building Self-Esteem

When supporting someone with body dysmorphia, building their self-esteem is crucial in helping them feel more confident and accepting of themselves. Here are three strategies you can employ to boost their self-esteem: emphasizing their unique beauty, encouraging positive self-talk, and promoting body neutrality.

Emphasizing Their Unique Beauty

One way to support someone with body dysmorphia is by emphasizing their unique beauty. Help them recognize and appreciate their individual features that make them special. Focus on their positive attributes, such as their kind heart, intelligence, or talents. By shifting the focus away from their perceived flaws, you can help them develop a more holistic view of themselves.

Unique Beauty Qualities



Talents or skills


Encouraging Positive Self-Talk

Positive self-talk is a powerful tool in combating negative thoughts and building self-esteem. Encourage the person with body dysmorphia to replace self-critical statements with positive affirmations. Help them identify their strengths and achievements, and remind them to acknowledge and celebrate their progress. By redirecting their thoughts towards self-compassion and self-acceptance, they can gradually reframe their self-image.

Positive Affirmations

"I am worthy of love and respect."

"I am more than my appearance."

"I am proud of my accomplishments."

"I deserve kindness and compassion."

Promoting Body Neutrality

Body neutrality is a mindset that focuses on accepting and respecting the body for what it can do rather than its appearance. Encourage the person with body dysmorphia to shift their focus towards how their body serves them, such as its strength, resilience, and ability to engage in activities they enjoy. By promoting body neutrality, you can help them develop a healthier relationship with their body.

Body Neutrality Practices

Engaging in activities that bring joy and fulfillment

Appreciating the body's functionality and strength

Practicing self-care and self-compassion

Challenging societal beauty standards

By emphasizing their unique beauty, encouraging positive self-talk, and promoting body neutrality, you can help someone with body dysmorphia develop a more positive self-image. Remember to be patient, understanding, and supportive throughout their journey.

Avoiding Harmful Language

When interacting with someone who is struggling with body dysmorphia, it's essential to be mindful of the language we use. The words we choose can have a significant impact on their emotional well-being and self-perception. In this section, we will explore strategies for avoiding harmful language when supporting someone with body dysmorphia.

Understanding Triggers

To create a supportive environment, it's crucial to understand the triggers that may worsen body dysmorphia symptoms. Different individuals may have unique triggers, so it's important to listen and observe. Avoid discussing topics related to weight, appearance, or specific body parts unless the person initiates the conversation. By being aware of their triggers, you can help create a safe and comfortable space for them to express their feelings and concerns.

Steer Clear of Comparisons

Comparisons can be detrimental to someone with body dysmorphia. Avoid making comparisons between their appearance and others, as this can reinforce negative self-perceptions. Instead, focus on their individual qualities, strengths, and accomplishments. Encourage them to appreciate their uniqueness and remind them that beauty comes in various forms.

Addressing Unhelpful Comments

Unhelpful comments, even if unintentional, can be deeply hurtful to someone with body dysmorphia. It's important to address and reframe any negative or unkind statements. Encourage a shift in focus towards positive aspects of their personality, skills, or achievements. Redirect the conversation to topics that uplift and inspire rather than perpetuate negative body image concerns.

In order to provide the best support, it's important to educate oneself about body dysmorphia and learn effective communication strategies. By avoiding harmful language, understanding triggers, refraining from comparisons, and addressing unhelpful comments, you can foster an environment that promotes self-acceptance and encourages positive self-perception.

Seeking Professional Help

While offering support and empowering words can be valuable, it's important to recognize that body dysmorphia is a complex condition that often requires professional help. Encouraging the individual to seek therapy or counseling is vital in their journey towards healing and recovery.

Recommending Therapy or Counseling

When someone is struggling with body dysmorphia, it can be beneficial to recommend professional therapy or counseling as a first step. Trained therapists or counselors can provide the necessary guidance and support to help individuals navigate their challenges. They can offer specialized techniques and strategies to address body dysmorphia, helping individuals develop a healthier relationship with their body image and self-esteem. It's important to emphasize that seeking professional help is not a sign of weakness, but rather a proactive step towards healing.

Encouraging Support Groups or Communities

Another valuable resource for individuals dealing with body dysmorphia is support groups or communities. These spaces provide a sense of belonging, understanding, and validation. Encourage the individual to explore local or online support groups specifically tailored for those struggling with body dysmorphia.

Offering Assistance in Finding Resources

For someone who may be unsure of where to start, offering assistance in finding resources can be extremely helpful. Provide them with information on reputable therapists or counseling services that specialize in body dysmorphia. Additionally, you can help them locate support groups or communities either locally or online. Taking an active role in assisting them in finding the right resources can alleviate some of the stress and uncertainty they may be feeling. Remember to be supportive and understanding throughout the process.

By recommending therapy or counseling, encouraging participation in support groups or communities, and offering assistance in finding resources, you can provide valuable support to someone struggling with body dysmorphia. It's crucial to remind them that seeking professional help is a courageous step towards healing and that they do not have to face this journey alone.


As we come to the end of this article, it's important to remember that supporting someone with body dysmorphia requires patience, understanding, and compassionate communication. By choosing empowering words, focusing on their inner qualities, and encouraging self-compassion, you can play a vital role in their journey towards self-acceptance and healing. Additionally, avoiding harmful language and seeking professional help when necessary are crucial steps in providing effective support. Remember that your kindness, empathy, and support can make a significant difference in someone's life. By educating ourselves about body dysmorphia and learning effective communication strategies, we can foster an environment that promotes self-acceptance and encourages positive self-perception. Let us continue to prioritize mental health awareness and advocate for those who may be struggling with body dysmorphia or any other mental health condition.